Rug Identification  

There are hundreds of different types of rugs from all over the world, and each has a long history of design styles, craft techniques, materials, and more. But even if you have a large collection of rugs, you may not always be able to tell exactly where one comes from or how to have it properly cleaned or restored. Let one of our professionals at Tulbuz identify your rug and the appropriate action to effectively clean and restore it back to its former glory.

Machine Made

A machine-made rug will look even and the “knots” will be perfectly even. A machine-made rug, generally, has a latex or linen backing with white lines running over the back as “foundation” yarns.

If you rug has a tag on the back or its fringe is sewn on separately then it is more than likely a machine-made rug.

Man Made

When it comes to man-made or hand-knotted rugs the knotting will be slightly uneven and not exactly uniformed. Knotting may be larger or smaller and if you were to cut one knot, a single piece would come out.

When you flip a man-made rug over, you can see more of the pattern and design of the rug. The more knots and details you can see on the back of the rug the better-quality rug. Countries such as Iran, Turkey, China, Nepal, Pakistan and India are the biggest producers of man-made rugs.

Countries that make the
best area rugs


Hand knotted and hand tufted rugs are a common export of India, and are world famous for their consistently great quality.

The majority of Indian rugs are woollen but it’s not uncommon to find synthetic rugs come out of this country too.


Western buyers who are indifferent to the supposed charms of a brash and natural dyes often prefer the best rugs made by Pakistan’s indigenous weavers.

Pakistani weavers can take heart in knowing that they can weave finer rugs than their Afghan cousins with producers creating perfect colours and designs.


Iran produces some amazing works of art and has a long and rich rug making history. Iran is a major supplier of handmade rugs with most of the rugs coming out of Iran are woollen.

Some of the most coveted rugs in the world come from Iran and can range from $500 up to $20,000 depending on construction, artist, materials used and a whole range of factors.


The weavers of Afghanistan are tribal people who have always made authentic tribal rugs. Now many of them have been exposed to the sophisticated designs and techniques that flourished in the Pakistani refugee camps.


China is a leader in hand tufted and hand hooked rugs, and that includes shags too. They’re a major player in the polypropylene rug industry which make up a large component of most outdoor rugs.

The rugs coming out of China are normally cheaper to produce and sell and depending on what you’re looking for in a rug. That’s not necessarily a bad thing.


Turkish rugs are famous for their beautiful and complex patterns and rich, naturally-dyed colours. They come in various forms which include

“nomadic” or “tribal” rugs, kilims (flat-woven rugs), cicims (embroidered rugs), angora goat hair rugs and prayer rugs (which is pointed towards Mecca when its used in pray).


Nepali rugs were initially made of highland sheep’s wool from Tibet. As time went on, Nepali rugs adopted high quality wool from New Zealand and India.

The weft and wrap are normally made of wool or a mixture of cotton-wool whereas their piles are wool and sometimes silk. These rugs have a dense and course texture, perfect for keeping anything warm among a cold environment.


To give you an accurate quote to clean, restore or treat your rug we require the square meterage.

Here is Tulbuz’ formula to help you calculate the square meterage (m2):

Length x Width = m2.

Types of Fibres

Natural Fibres


Wool is possibly the oldest fibre known to humans. It was one of the first fibres to be spun into yarn and woven into the fabric and is most commonly known to come from the fur of sheep or alpacas.

Silk & Viscose

Silk is a natural protein fibre which can be woven into textiles and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons where viscose is a semi-synthetic fibre which is generally made into rayon or cellophane.


Cotton is the most widely produced natural fibre on the planet. Before it can be turned into sheets or blended into rugs, the cotton seeds must first be separated from the plant, and then the fibres from the seeds.

Jute & Sisal

Jute is one of the cheapest natural fibres and is a versatile and eco-friendly fibre. It is generally spun into hessian (burlap) and is used as carpet backing.

 Sisal fibres are sustainably harvested by hand from the leaves of the cactus plant and is stronger and more durable than other natural fibres, making sisal the preferred material for carpet and rugs.

Synthetic Fibres


Nylon is strong and lightweight. The fibres that makeup nylon is non-absorbent and smooth, causing items that are constructed of this fibre to dry quickly. Nylon resists dirt well and it does not become weakened by chemicals or sweat.

Olefin Polypropylene

Olefin is the generic name for polypropylene, a synthetic fibre used to make many different products, including carpet and rugs. It is far less expensive but it doesn’t last as long as other fibres and has poor resistance to soiling and is more commonly used in outdoor floor mats and rugs.


Polyester yarns and carpets made from this type of polyester are strong, elastic, and have high abrasion and wrinkle resistance. However, polyester fibres are not as strong and elastic as nylon fibres but do have better stain resistance.